Great Himalayan National Park
The Himalayan mountain range in the Asian continent has been standing tall ever since the emergence of land. The awe-inspiring towering Himalayas do not have any competitors as it has remained the highest mountain range to exist on the planet earth accommodating world’s highest peak Mount Everest. It separates the plains of the Tibetan Plateau from the Indian subcontinent. In the heart of this majestic mountain is the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP).
Constituted in 1984, The Great Himalayan National Park is situated in Teerthan Valley, district of Kullu of Himachal Pradesh. It gained the reputation of National Park in 1999 and took over two decades to earn the status of World Heritage Site to be listed under UNESCO. The vast national park perching at an altitude of approximately 1550 m is spread over an area of 1,171k km2. The favorable location of The Great Himalayan National Park is such that numberless species thrive in this area. It is a comfortable habitat for hundreds of flora and 375 fauna comprising of 31 species of mammals, 181 species of avifauna, 127 varieties of insects, 3 species of reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids and 17 species of mollusks. These creatures are protected under strict regulated law of Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, to preserve and conserve the outstanding cluster of biodiversity present here. Hunting is strictly prohibited in this area since four species of mammals including musk deer and western horned tragopan and three species of birds of GHNP are globally endangered.
The grand spectacle of preserved form of nature at GHNP is breathtaking. Surrounded with deodar and oak trees on a green carpeted floor add splendor to the landscape. This place is apex for travelers who want to experience ecotourism. The visible features of lush green forest sweeping down the hill side is a treat to the eyes. The scenic grandeur of this Himalayan Park is meant for nature lovers who have the desire to submerge themselves in natural bliss. The assemblage of rich vegetation is true wealth of this high altitude national park.
Trekking and camping are one of the most delightful activities in the alpine pastures of the Kullu regions. Adventurer and backpackers are unable to resist trekking up the jaw dropping terrain of the Great Himalayan National Park which offers much more than thrill. Here you will be able to encounter a rare sight of blue sheep, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr, musk deer and if you are lucky… snow leopard. Whichever trek you take, it is advisable to carry a camera and a professional guide.
Place of Attraction
Sainj Valley – You can head towards Sainj Valley and witness the resplendence of acres of grassland fringed by tall pine trees. Sainj is the starting point for trekking. On the way, trekkers will come across Shainsher, a place which holds religious value as it hosts ancient temple. The temple was built in the seventh Century amongst the deodar trees. Another important landmark is Raktisar where you would behold the astonishing glaciers view while trekking from Sainj Neuli.
Banjaar Valley – Shoja, Jalori Pass, Lambhari Top, Sakiran Top, Raghupur fort, Sareulsar Lake are the highlights of Banjaar Valley. Trekkers can take this route if they do not want steep uphill climb. In the midst of Kinnar Kailash mountain range, Sri-khand peak can be approachable on foot from Bathad to Bashleu Pass. Bahu is a mystical place from where captivating snow-capped mountains can be witnessed.
Teerthan Valley – The Teerthan Valley is a popular zone of the Great Himalayan National Park. The divinity of this place lies in the ancient story of Goddess Gara-Durga who self-immolated themselves. The melting glacier of the snow-capped mountains becomes the silver Teerthan stream flowing down the forested terrain.
Best time to visit
The Great Himalayan National Park offers best sightings during the autumn season which are from September to November months. They are the peak months for animals who migration to lower altitudes owing to change in season. Varieties of animals descend to the lower parts of Himalayan region making it easier for visitors to catch a glimpse of wonderful wildlife.
You must head to The Great Himalayan National Park if you want to experience one of the most exquisite places on earth.