Trans Himalayan Ranges of India
The Himalayan Ranges is the highest mountain ranges of the world which extend approximately 1,500 miles (2,400 km) along the border between India and Tibet with fifty odd mountains exceeding over 7,200 meters high. The Himalayan range owns many of the Earth’s highest peaks making Mount Everest the loftiest mountain peak of them all at an elevation of 8,848 meters. The arced Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) is spread across the west-northwest to east-southeast is about 2,400 kilometers stretch covering most state of India from Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and some parts of Assam and West Bengal. The Trans-Himalayan Ranges of India is created due to the collision with the Eurasian plates particularly in the northern most regions of the country like Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. The range is also called Gangdise –NyenchenTanglhaRange.
Biogeographic delineation of the Indian Trans-Himalaya: Need for revision – Scientific Figure on ResearchGate. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/Map-showing-the-proposed-areas-under-the-new-Trans-Himalayan-Biogeographic-Province-1C_fig1_320011842
The cold region of Trans-Himalaya ranges is permanently covered with glaciers and snow which become the primary source of tourist attractions. The world’s major rivers, namely the Indus, the Ganges and the Tsangopo-Brahmaputra originating from the melting Himalayan abode streams more and more tourists every year for water sports and water adventure. This Asian grandeur beckons upon the seeker of adventures to explore the formidable mysteries of the exalted Himalayan region. The short summer breaks not only see pleasant weather and lush greenery all around but also splash of tourists reaching out for respite from the burning season of Indian cities.
The narrow passes of moonscape land of Trans-Himalayas are meant for curious travelers who do not shrink from challenging odyssey or sightseers who love nature. The prime Himalayan Ranges in the Trans-Himalaya region are PirPanjal Range, Dhauladhar Range, Zanskar Range, Ladakh Range and East Karakorma Range.
The PirPanjalrange lies to the south of the main Himalayas at an altitude of 16,000 feet on the southern rim of the Kashmir valley.The Banihal pass (2,832 m) lies at the head of the Jhelum River at the southern end of the Kashmir valley. Banihal and Qazigund lie on either side of the pass. It is the largest mountain range of the lower Himalayas. The superb location of PirPanjal Range offers beautiful landscape view. Gulmarg, the famous hill station of Kashmir is a part of this range.
Dhauladhar Range is a flank of the Great Himalayan Mountain Range which rises from the Kangra valley and Mandi. The summer’s refreshing green hills and the winter’s resplendent snow-capped mountains draw tourists for a delightful vacation. The ideal time to visit the range is from March to July when the temperature is around 22 degree Celsius.
Another feather in the cap of Jammu and Kashmir is the Zanskar Range which separates Zanskar from Ladakh. It is standing at the height of 6,000 meters flooded with Tibetan Buddhist population. Apart from its natural beauty, tourists enjoy activities like trekking, paragliding and river rafting here. The best time to visit the region is from April to September.
In the heart of Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh is located to the north of Leh. The highest altitude plateau region of India, Ladakh finds many tourists. The dry and cold desert has a mesmerizing effect on the viewers. The main passes are the renowned Khardung La and Digar La.It isonly accessible between April and September.
East Karakorma Range
Being one of the greatest ranges of Asia, East Karakorma Range spans the border of India-Pakistan and China. Mount K2, the second highest peak on the earth lies in Karakorma Range at around 28,251 feet. This unclimbed surface has awed mountaineer as 28 -50 % of the area is glaciated.
The mystical mountains of trans-Himalayan ranges are calling upon excursionist to unravel the mystery of the unknown path.